Sources

These are the sources used throughout identiversity. The sources represent the most current, peer-reviewed research complemented by easier to read sources.

Aging LGBTQ+

Abrahms, S. An ‘LGBT-Welcoming’ Place to Call Home. AARP Livable Communities: Housing. Retrieved from https://www.aarp.org/livable-communities/housing/info-2016/age-friendly-LGBT-housing.html

Aging as LGBT: Two Stories [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkPJxQorieo

Badgett, M. V. L., Durso, L., & Schneebaum, A. (2013, June). New Patters of Poverty in the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Community. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/LGB-Poverty-Update-Jun-2013.pdf

Brenoff, A. (2015, July 12). Why Aging Can Be Tougher On Gays. Huffington Post. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/5-problems-of-aging-while-gay_us_559fd6d0e4b01c2162a64e91

Browning, P. (2017, August 30). Older gays and lesbians face more health disparities, study says. KUOW. Retrieved from https://kuow.org/stories/older-gays-and-lesbians-face-more-health-disparities-study-says/

Choi, S. K., Meyer, Ilan H (2016, August). LGBT Aging: A Review of Research Findings, Needs, and Policy Implications. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/LGBT-Aging-A-Review.pdf

Drafted in 1958: “My Eighteen Months Away Solidified Our Relationship.” [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=38RoHv7LRvc

Emlet, C., (2016). Social, Economic, and Health Disparities Among LGBT Older Adults. Generations. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5373809/

Eskenazi, L., (2015, June 11). How to find care for LGBT seniors. PBS News Hour. Retrieved from https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/lgbt-older-adults-emerging-community

Family Opens Up At Memorial For Late Partner [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S0nuWjKbcsc

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K., Bryan, A., Jen, S., Goldsen, J., Kim, H. J., Muraco, A. (2017). The Unfolding of LGBT Lives: Key Events Associated With Health and Well-being in Later Life. The Gerontological Society of America. Retrieved from http://www.age-pride.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/The-unfolding-of-LGBT-lives-key-events-associated-with-health-and-well-being-in-later-life.pdf

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K., Kim, H. J., Shui, C., Bryan, A. (2017, August). Chronic Health Conditions and Key Health Indicators Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Older US Adults, 2013-2014. American Journal of Public Health. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5508186/

Fredriksen-Goldsen, K., Kim, H.J., Barkan, S., Muraco, A., Hoy-Ellis C. P., (2011, November). The Aging and Health Report: Disparities and Resilience among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Adults. LGBT+. National Aging Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.age-pride.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/Full-Report-FINAL-11-16-11.pdf

Gen Silent Trailer [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.theclowdergroup.com/gensilent

Gorman, A. (2016, October 18). LGBTQ seniors face discrimination in long-term care. PBS News Hour. Retrieved from https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/lgbtq-seniors-face-discrimination-long-term-care

Living in LGBT-Friendly Senior Housing: “We Live Like Neighbors. And that’s a Good Thing.” [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=3&v=drO2HsFHqNE

Wallace, S., Cochran, S., Durazo, E., Ford, C. (2011, March). The Health of Aging Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Adults in California. The UCLA Center of Health Policy Research. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3698220/

Whitfield, C. (2017, July 7). Black, Gray and Gay: The Perils of Aging LGBTQ People of Color. NBCBLK/New America Media. Retrieved from http://newamericamedia.org/2017/07/black-gray-and-gay-the-perils-of-aging-lgbtq-people-of-color.php

Bisexuality

Bouchard, K.N., Timmers, A.D., Chivers, M.L. (2015). Gender-specificity of genital response and self-reported sexual arousal in women endorsing facets of bisexuality [Abstract]. Journal of Bisexuality 15 (2), 180-203.

Clark, T. (n.d.). Invisability: Talking about bisexuality and aging. Retrieved from https://www.lgbtagingcenter.org/resources/pdfs/INVISIBILITY%20bisexuality%20and%20aging%20NRC%20fact%20sheet%20final%206.2.20171.pdf

Copen, C.E., Chandra, A., & Febo-Vazquez, I. (2016). Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual orientation among adults aged 18–44 in the United States: Data from the 2011–2013 National Survey of Family Growth. CDC: National Health Statistics Report, 88. Retrieved from http://i2.cdn.turner.com/cnn/2016/images/01/06/nhsr88.pdf

Danielle. (n.d.). I’m From Mt. Sinai, NY. Retrieved on January 11, 2018, from http://imfromdriftwood.com/im-from-mt-sinai-ny/

Denizet-Lewis, B. (2014). The Scientific Quest to Prove Bisexuality Exists. https://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/23/magazine/the-scientific-quest-to-prove-bisexuality-exists.html

Diamond, L. (2008). Female Female bisexuality from adolescence to adulthood: Resulting from a 10-year longitudinal Study [Abstract]. Developmental Psychology, 44 (1), 5-14.

Dotinga, R. (2016, January 8). More woman report having same-sex relationships. Retrieved January 11, 2018, from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/more-women-report-same-sex-relationships

*Friedman, M. R., Dodge, B., Schick, V., Herbenick, D., Hubach, R. D., Bowling, J., ... & Reece, M. (2014). From bias to bisexual health disparities: Attitudes toward bisexual men and women in the United States. LGBT health, 1(4), 309-318.

Gates, G. J. (2014). LGBT demographics: Comparisons among population-based surveys. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/lgbt-demogs-sep-2014.pdf

Israel, T. Bisexuality and youth: Introduction to the special issue [Abstract]. Journal of Bisexuality, 2010(4), 359-365.

Israel, T. (2015, July 7). Bisexuality and beyond: Tania Israel [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=3&v=APPb__tpGHk

Johnston, T.R. (2016). Bisexual aging and cultural competency training: Responses to five common misconceptions [Abstract]. Journal of Bisexuality, 16(1), 99-111.

The Kinsey Scale. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.kinseyinstitute.org/research/publications/kinsey-scale.php

The Klein Sexual Orientation Grid. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.americaninstituteofbisexuality.org/

Rainbow Health Ontario. (2015, May 27). Bisexual communities and partners [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5pM3ejn8Ow

Rosenthal, A.M., Sylva, D., Safron, A., Bailey, J. M. (2012). The male bisexuality debate revisited: Some bisexual men have bisexual arousal patterns [Abstract]. Archives of Sexual Behavior 41, 135-147.

Ward, B. W., Dahlhamer, J. M. Galinsky, A. M., Joestl, S. S. 2014. Sexual Orientation and Health Among U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2013. CDC: National Health Statistics Report, 77. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr077.pdf

Body Parts

AIS-DSD Support Group. Growing Up Intersex Part 1 [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJxZe4KAdqU&feature=youtu.be&t=11m

Ainsworth, C. (2015). Sex redefined: The idea of two sexes is simplistic. Biologists now think there is a wider spectrum than that. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/news/sex-redefined-1.16943

American Psychological Association. (2006). Answers to your questions about individuals with intersex conditions. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/topics/lgbt/intersex.aspx

Block, M. (2016, August 16). The Sensitive Question of Intersex Athletes. NPR. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/thetorch/2016/08/16/490236620/south-african-star-raises-sensitive-questions-about-intersex-athletes

Coleman, D. (2018, April 30). Sex, Sport, and Why Track and Field's New Rules on Intersex Athletes Are Essential. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/30/sports/track-gender-rules.html

DSD Research. Accord Alliance, Resources. Retrieved from http://www.accordalliance.org/resources/dsd-research/

Dreger, A. (2018, April 27). Track's Absurd New Rules for Women. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/27/opinion/caster-semenya-intersex-athletes.html

Feder, E. & Karkazis, K. (2008, September). What’s in a Name? The Controversy over “Disorders of Sex Development”. The Hastings Center Report. Retrieved from http://med.stanford.edu/content/dam/sm/bioethics/documents/people/resumes/karkazispubs/Whatsinaname.pdf

Fogle, A. (2016, October 21). Falling In Between: Inside the Lives of Intersex Women. Good Housekeeping. Retrieved from http://www.goodhousekeeping.com/health/a40787/intersex-stories/

Ghcorayshi, A. (2017, July 26). A landmark lawsuit about an intersex baby’s genital surgery just settled for $440,000. Retrieved from https://www.buzzfeed.com/azeenghorayshi/intersex-surgery-lawsuit-settles?utm_term=.if24OoWmp#.ot31g2...

Greenfield, C. (2014, July 8). Should we ‘fix’ intersex children? Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/07/should-we-fix-intersex-children/373536/

Hartney, E. (2018, February 7). What Does It Mean to Be Intersex? VerywellMind. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-intersex-21881

IAAF Introduces New Eligibility Regulations for Female Classification. (2018, April 26). IAAF, News, IAAF News and Press Releases. Retrieved from https://www.iaaf.org/news/press-release/eligibility-regulations-for-female-classifica

Padawer, R. (2016, June 28). The Humiliating Practice of Sex-Testing Female Athletes. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/03/magazine/the-humiliating-practice-of-sex-testing-female-athletes....

Reardon, Sara. (2016, May 10). The spectrum of sex development: Eric Vilain and the intersex controversy. Nature. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/news/the-spectrum-of-sex-development-eric-vilain-and-the-intersex-controversy-1.19873

Ritchie, R.; Reynard, J.; & Lewis, T. (2008, August 1). Intersex and the Olympic Games. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2500237/

Sleath, E. (2014, December 2). I am intersex: Shon Klose’s story. ABC. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/local/stories/2014/12/01/4140196.htm

Topol, S. (2017, August). Sons and Daughters: The village where girls turn into boys. Harper’s Weekly. Retrieved from https://harpers.org/archive/2017/08/sons-and-daug

Viewpoints on DSD Care. Accord Alliance, Resources. Retrieved from http://www.accordalliance.org/resources/viewpoints-on-dsd-care/

Gender

Bakker, J. (2018, May 19) Brain structure and function in gender dysphoria. 20th European Congress of Endocrinology. Retrieved from https://www.endocrine-abstracts.org/ea/0056/ea0056s30.3.htm

Bodkin, H. (2018, May 22). Transgender brain scans promised as study shows structural differences in people with gender dysphoria. The Telegraph. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/05/22/transgender-brain-scans-promised-study-shows-structural-differences/?WT.mc_id=tmg_share_fb

CBS News. (2017, March 23). Non-binary: The gender beyond he or she. [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0ahBHJbyCg

Herman, J., Flores, A., Brown, T., Wilson, B., Conron, K. (2017, January). Age of Individuals Who Identify as Transgender in the United States. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/TransAgeReport.pdf

Joel, D., Tarrasch, R., Berman, Z., Mukamel, M., & Ziv, E. (2013). Queering gender: Studying gender identity in ‘normative’ individuals. Psychology & Sexuality, 5, 291–321. Retrieved from http://people.socsci.tau.ac.il/mu/daphnajoel/files/2014/11/Joel_gender_identity_2013.pdf

Khaleeli, H. (2014, April 16). Hijra: India's third gender claims its place in law. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/apr/16/india-third-gender-claims-place-in-law

Leguizamon, M., Griggs, B. (2018, February 6). More US teens are rejecting 'boy' or 'girl' gender identities, a study finds. CNN. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/06/health/teens-gender-nonconforming-study-trnd/index.html

Miller, C. (2015, October 30). Boys and girls, constrained by toys and costumes. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/31/upshot/boys-and-girls-constrained-by-toys-and-costumes.html?_r=1

Moskowitz, C. (2010, June 6). Kids learn gender stereotypes at home. Retrieved from https://www.livescience.com/6621-kids-learn-gender-stereotypes-home.html

PBS. (2015, August 11). A map of gender-diverse cultures. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/content/two-spirits_map-html/

Richards, C., Boumanam, W.P., Sealb, L., Barker, M. J., Niederd, T.O., & T'Sjoene, G. (2016). Non-binary or genderqueer genders. International Review of Psychiatry, 28(1), 95-102. doi:10.3109/09540261.2015.1106446

Saturday Night Live. (2017, September 30). Introducing Wokes, sizeless, style-neutral, gender non-conforming denim for a generation that defies labels.. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adPXDTvADD0

Storycorps. (2014, December 17). Darnell Moore and Kiyan Williams [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/listen/kiyan-williams-and-darnell-moore/

Storycorps. (2016, June 3). Storycorps 423: Sissy [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/podcast/storycorps-423-sissy/

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (2012). Top health issues for LGBT populations information & resource kit. Rockville, MD: HHS Publication No. (SMA) 12-4684. Retrieved from https://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA12-4684/SMA12-4684.pdf

The Future is FeMale. (2017, September 18). Retrieved from http://mag.havas.com/prosumer-report/gender2017/

Wren, C. (2017, September 21). Five insights about gender and brands. Retrieved from https://www.brandingstrategyinsider.com/2017/09/five-insights-about-gender-and-brands.html

More US teens are rejecting 'boy' or 'girl' gender identities, a study finds. CNN. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/06/health/teens-gender-nonconforming-study-trnd/index.html

Rider, G.N., McMorris, B., Glower, A., Coleman, E., Eisenberg, M. (2018). Health and Care Utilization of Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Youth: A Population-Based Study. Pediatrics. Retrieved from http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2018/02/01/peds.2017-1683

Growing Up LGBTQ+

American Psychological Association. Toolbox to Promote Healthy LGBTQ Youth. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pi/lgbt/programs/safe-supportive/training/toolbox.aspx

CDC (2016). Infographic LBG Youth Report School Violence. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/infographic/yrbs-lgb-schoolviolence.html

CDC. LGBT Youth. CDC: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/lgbthealth/youth.htm

CDC (2016). Sexual Minority Youth Data Infographics. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/infographic/

Coming out pansexual to my dad [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a1ZiZal2DXQ

Durso, L. E., Gates, G. J. (2012, July). Serving Our Youth: Findings from a National Survey of Service Providers Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Youth Who Are Homeless or At Risk of Becoming Homeless. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Durso-Gates-LGBT-Homeless-Youth-Survey-July-2012.pdf

Frances McClelland Institute. How School Bullying Impacts Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Young Adults. Frances McClelland Institute: Research Link, 4, (1). Retrieved from https://mcclellandinstitute.arizona.edu/sites/mcclellandinstitute.arizona.edu/files/ResearchLink_Vol.%204%20No.%201_Bullying.pdf

Frosch, D. (2008, August 2). Death of a Transgender Woman Is Called a Hate Crime. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/02/us/02murder.html

Gates, G. J. (2017, January 11). In U.S., More Adults Identifying as LGBT. Gallup. Retrieved from http://news.gallup.com/poll/201731/lgbt-identification-rises.aspx

Herman, J., Flores, A., Brown, T., et al. (2017, January). Age of Individuals Who Identify as Transgender in the United States. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/TransAgeReport.pdf

Higgins, M. (2016, October 18). LBGT Students Are Not Safe at School. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2016/10/school-is-still-not-safe-for-lgbt-students/504368/

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding (2011). National Academies Press, 4. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64808/

Kann, L., Olsen, E.O., McManus, T., et al. (2016, August). Sexual Identity, Sex of Sexual Contacts, and Health-Related Behaviors Among Students in Grades 9–12 — United States and Selected Sites, 2015. Surveillance Summaries. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/65/ss/ss6509a1.htm

Kates, J., Ranji, U., Beamesderfer, A., Salganicoff, A., & Dawson, L. (2016, November). Health and Access to Care and Coverage for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals in the U.S.. The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

Keuroghlian, A.S., Shtasel, D., Bassuk, E. L. (2014). Out on the Street: A Public Health and Policy Agenda for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth Who Are Homeless. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4098056/

Lewis, D. (2017, May 23). My Family Didn’t Accept Me. Ole Miss Did. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/23/opinion/ole-miss-lgbt-students.html

Mallory, C., Brown T. N. T., Conron, K. (2018, January). Conversion Therapy and LGBT Youth. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Conversion-Therapy-LGBT-Youth-Jan-2018.pdf

Minter, S. & Krehely, J. (2011, February 7). New Research Calls for a Revolution in Public Policy for LGBT Children and Youth. Center for American Progress. Retrieved from https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/lgbt/reports/2011/02/07/9117/families-matter/

Musumeci, N. (2016, December 6). Bullied gay teen who committed suicide said peers wanted him dead. New York Post. Retrieved from https://nypost.com/2016/12/06/friend-says-teen-who-committed-suicide-was-bullied-for-being-gay/

NBC News (2014, August 3). Left Behind: LGBT Homeless Youth Struggle to Survive on the Streets. NBC News. Retrieved from https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/left-behind-lgbt-homeless-youth-struggle-survive-streets-n157506

Neal, D. (2017, April 13). 'Do You Want a Happy Little Girl or a Dead Little Boy?': My Choice as a Mother. Vice: Broadly. Retrieved from https://broadly.vice.com/en_us/article/8x4qdk/do-you-want-a-happy-little-girl-or-a-dead-little-boy-my-choice-as-a-mother

Nolan, T. (2012, May 17). Family Acceptance: Groundbreaking ‘Best Practice’ for Reducing Suicide Risk for LGBT Youth. Huffington Post. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/theresa-nolan/family-acceptance-lgbt-youth-suicide-risk_b_1518197.html

Park, A. (2010, December 6). The Protective Effect of Family Acceptance for Gay Teens. Time. Retrieved from http://healthland.time.com/2010/12/06/the-protective-effect-of-family-acceptance-for-gay-teens

Russell, S., Fish, J. (2016, March). Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Youth. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4887282/

Seaton, J. (2017, March 29). Homeless Rates for LGBT teens are alarming, but parents can make a difference. The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/parenting/wp/2017/03/29/homeless-rates-for-lgbt-teens-are-alarming-heres-how-parents-can-change-that/?utm_term=.dd23636b070f

Story Corps. (2012, January 13). Nathan Hoskins and Sally Evans [Audio File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/listen/nathan-hoskins-and-sally-evans/

Story Corps. (2014, June 18). A Good Man [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/animation/a-good-man/

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2016). Sexual Minority Youth Data Infographics. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/youthviolence/infographic/

LGBTQ+ Identities

Ainsworth, C. (2015). Sex redefined: The idea of two sexes is simplistic. Biologists now think there is a wider spectrum than that. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/news/sex-redefined-1.16943

American Psychological Association. (2006). Answers to your questions about individuals with intersex conditions. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/topics/lgbt/intersex.aspx

Ellen Meets Trailblazing Actor Asia Kate Dillon [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f97aLkl_kWc

Freeman, H. (2017, September 16). Let’s drop the gender stereotypes-we are all non-binary. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/sep/16/drop-gender-stereotypes-we-are-all-non-binary

Khan, F. (2015, September 1). I'm pansexual – here are the five biggest misconceptions about my sexuality. Retrieved from http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/im-pansexual-here-are-the-five-biggest-misconceptions-ab...

Kinsey Institute, Indiana University. (2014). Kinsey Institute Homepage. Retrieved from https://www.kinseyinstitute.org/

LGBT 101: An introduction to the Queer community [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DE7bKmOXY3w

Pugachevsky, J. (2017, April 26). What Does It Mean to Be Pansexual? Retrieved from http://www.cosmopolitan.com/sex-love/a9529384/pansexual-definition-meaning/

What is a Non-Binary Gender Identity? [Video File]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8UgxG8e2TY

What It’s Like To Be Intersex. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cAUDKEI4QKI


Nature vs. Nurture

Ashley, K. B. (2013). The Science on Sexual Orientation: A Review of the Recent Literature. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health, 17(2), 175-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19359705.2013.767179

Bailey, J.M., Vasey, P.L., Diamond, L.M., Breedlove, S.M., Vilan, E. & Epprecht, M. (2016). Sexual orientation, controversy, and science. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 17(2), 45-101. doi:10.1177/1529100616637616

Blanchard, R. (2001). Fraternal birth order and the maternal immune hypothesis of male homosexuality. Hormones and Behavior, 40(2), 105-14. https://doi.org/10.1006/hbeh.2001.1681

Bogaert, A.F. (2006). Biological versus nonbiological older brothers and men's sexual orientation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(28), 10771-4.

Burton, N. (2015, September 18). When Homosexuality stopped being a mental disorder. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/hide-and-seek/201509/when-homosexuality-stopped-being-mental-disorder

Cartwright, M. (2015, August 3). Where’s the scientific research into how sexual orientation develops in women? Slate. Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/blogs/outward/2015/08/03/sexual_orientation_in_women_why_so_little_scientific_r...

National Human Genome Research Institute (2016, April 1). Epigenomics. Retrieved from https://www.genome.gov/27532724/epigenomics-fact-sheet/

National Geographic. (2009, February 4). National Geographic explains the biology of homosexuality. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saO_RFWWVVA

Queen Mary, University of London. (2008, June 30). Homosexual behavior largely shaped by genetics and random environmental factors. Retrieved from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080628205430.htm

Reardon, S. (2015, October 8). Epigenetic 'tags' linked to homosexuality in men. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/news/epigenetic-tags-linked-to-homosexuality-in-men-1.18530

Rice, W.R., Friberg, U., & Gavrilets, S. (2012). Homosexuality as a consequence of epigenetically canalized sexual development. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 87(4), 343-368. doi:10.1086/668167

Sanders, A.R., Martin, E.R., Beecham, G.W., Guo, S., Dawood, K., Rieger, G., Badner, J., Gershon, E.S., Krishnappa, R.S., Kolundzija, A.B., Duan, J., Gejman, P.J., & Bailey, J.M. (2015). Genome-wide scan demonstrates significant linkage for male sexual orientation. Psychological Medicine, 45(7), 1379-1388. doi:10.1007/s12119-014-9233-6

TEDx Talks. (2016, November 15). Homosexuality: It's about survival - not sex. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Khn_z9FPmU&vl=en

Wolchover, N. (2012, June 11). Why are there gay men? Retrieved from https://www.livescience.com/33987-gay-men.html

Wolchover, N. (2012, June 12). Why are there gay women? Retrieved from https://www.livescience.com/33992-gay-women.html

Sexual Orientation

American Psychological Association (2012). Guidelines for psychological practice with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/features/amp-a0024659.pdf

Beaulieu-Prevost, D. & Fortin, M. (2015). The measurement of sexual orientation: Historical background and current practices. Sexologies (4), 15-19. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1158136014000656

Buzzfeed. How did You Know You Were Gay? [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fwKm0XUQ6e0

Carrillo, H. & Hoffman, A. (2017). Straight with a pinch of bi: The construction of heterosexuality as an elastic category among adult US men. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1363460716678561

Copen, C.E., Chandra, A., & Febo-Vazquez, I. (2016). Sexual behavior, sexual attraction, and sexual orientation among adults aged 18–44 in the United States: data from the 2011–2013 National Survey of Family Growth. CDC: National Health Statistics Report, 88. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs//data/nhsr/nhsr088.pdf

Cornell University, What We Know. What does the scholarly research say about the well-being of children with gay or lesbian parents? Retrieved from https://whatweknow.inequality.cornell.edu/topics/lgbt-equality/what-does-the-scholarly-research-say-...

Cornell University, What We Know. What does the scholarly research say about whether conversion therapy can alter sexual orientation without causing harm? Retrieved from https://whatweknow.inequality.cornell.edu/topics/lgbt-equality/what-does-the-scholarly-research-say-...

Diamond, L.M. (2008). Sexual fluidity: Understanding women’s love and desire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

The 4th Sexuality - Asexuality [Video File]. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=yrXWqwuOqIQ

Gates, G. J. (2014). LGBT Demographics: Comparisons among population-based surveys. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/lgbt-demogs-sep-2014.pdf

Gates, G. J. (2013). LGBT Parenting in the US. The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law. Retrieved from http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/LGBT-Parenting.pdf

Gates, G.J. (2017). In US, More Adults Identifying as LGBT. Gallup. Retrieved from http://news.gallup.com/poll/201731/lgbt-identification-rises.aspx

GLAAD Media Reference Guide. GLAAD. Retrieved from https://www.glaad.org/reference/lgbtq

Kinsey Institute, Indiana University (2014). Kinsey Institute Homepage. Retrieved from https://www.kinseyinstitute.org/="https:>

American Institute of Bisexuality (2014). The Klein Sexual Orientation Grid. Retrieved from http://www.americaninstituteofbisexuality.org/thekleingrid/

Selterman, D. (2014). Debunking myths about sexual fluidity. Retrieved from http://www.scienceofrelationships.com/home/2014/10/13/debunking-myths-about-sexual-fluidity.html

Story Corps. (2012, June 22). Danny Meyer [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/listen/denny-meyer/

Story Corps. (2015, March 29). Deidra Robinson & William Watford III [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/listen/william-watford-iii-and-deidra-robinson-150329/

Story Corps. (2013, June 28). Samuel Taylor and Connie Casey [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/listen/samuel-taylor-and-connie-casey/

The Scene. (2017, March 29). I married my sorority sister [Video File]. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ASIpIY7RtE

What does the scholarly research say about the well-being of children with gay or lesbian parents? What We Know, The Public Policy Portal, Cornell University. Retrieved from https://whatweknow.inequality.cornell.edu/topics/lgbt-equality/what-does-the-scholarly-research-say-...

What does the scholarly research say about whether conversion therapy can alter sexual orientation without causing harm? What We Know, The Public Policy Portal, Cornell University. Retrieved from https://whatweknow.inequality.cornell.edu/topics/lgbt-equality/what-does-the-scholarly-research-say-...

Transgender

BBC Magazine. (2015, June 3). A guide to transgender terms. BBC. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-32979297

Bakker, J. (2018, May 19) Brain structure and function in gender dysphoria. 20th European Congress of Endocrinology. Retrieved from https://www.endocrine-abstracts.org/ea/0056/ea0056s30.3.htm

Bodkin, H. (2018, May 22). Transgender brain scans promised as study shows structural differences in people with gender dysphoria. The Telegraph. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/05/22/transgender-brain-scans-promised-study-shows-structural-differences/?WT.mc_id=tmg_share_fb

Chokshi, N. (2017, February 23). One in Every 137 Teenagers Would Identify as Transgender, Report Says. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/23/us/transgender-teenagers-how-many.html

Editorial Board. (2015, May 4). Transgender Today (Elijah/Esther). The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/storywall/transgender-today/stories/elijah-esther

Flores, A.R., Herman, J.L., Gates, G.J. & Brown, T.N.T. (2016) How many adults identify as transgender in the United States? Los Angeles, CA: The Williams Institute. Retrieved from http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/How-Many-Adults-Identify-as-Transgender-in-...

Garcia-Falgueras, A. & Swaab, D.F. (2008). A sex difference in the hypothalamic uncinate nucleus: relationship to gender identity. Brain. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/brain/article/131/12/3132/295849/A-sex-difference-in-the-hypothalamic-uncin...

Garloch, K. (2017, February 6). ‘I want to be a girl all the time,’ child told parents. Now, mom’s story helps others. The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved from http://www.charlotteobserver.com/living/health-family/karen-garloch/article131054374.html

GLAAD Media Reference Guide. GLAAD. Retrieved from https://www.glaad.org/reference/transgender

Growing Up Transgender and Mormon | Short Film Showcase [Video File]. Retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8FZewEPAA

Hendricks, M.L. & Testa, R.J. (2012). A conceptual framework for clinical work with transgender and gender nonconforming clients: An adaptation of the Minority Stress Model. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 43(5). 460-467. doi:10.1037/a0029597

Herdt, G. (1996). Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Gender and History. New York, NY: Zone Books.

Herman, J.L., Flores, A.R., Brown, T.N.T., Wilson, B.D.M., & Conron, K.J. (2017). Age of Individuals Who Identify as Transgender in the United States. Los Angeles,CA: The Williams Institute. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/TransAgeReport.pdf

Hoffman, J. (2016, June 30). Estimate of U.S. Transgender Population Doubles to 1.4 Million Adults. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/01/health/transgender-population.html?_r=0

Khaleeli, H. (2014, April 16). Hijra: India’s third gender claims its place in law. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/apr/16/india-third-gender-claims-place-in-law

Kincaid, A. (2016, August 23). Why I Had To Come Out As A Black Trans Woman. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/post_12733_b_11258546.html

Office for Victims of Crime. (2014, June). Responding to Transgender Victims of Sexual Assault. Retreived from https://ovc.gov/pubs/forge/transgender_choices.html

Raypole, C. (2016, June 29). What does it mean for a transgender person to transition? Retrieved from https://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/what-does-it-mean-for-transgender-person-to-transition-0629167

Snow, K. (2015, April 23). Jacob’s Journey: Life as a Transgender 5-Year Old. NBC News. Retrieved from http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/transgender-kids/jacob-s-journey-life-transgender-5-year-old-n34513...

Story Corps. (2013, May 5). Alexis Martinez and Lesley Martinez Etherly [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/listen/alexis-martinez-and-lesley-martinez-etherly/

Story Corps. (2016, May 1). Chris López and Gabe López [Video File]. Retrieved from https://storycorps.org/listen/chris-and-gabe-lopez-160501/

What does the scholarly research say about the effect of gender transition on transgender well-being? What We Know, The Public Policy Portal, Cornell University. Retrieved from https://whatweknow.inequality.cornell.edu/topics/lgbt-equality/what-does-the-scholarly-research-say-...

The Williams Institute. (2016). New Estimates Show that 150,000 Youth Ages 13 to 17 Identify as Transgender in the US. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/research/transgender-issues/new-estimates-show-that-150000-yo...

Wu, K.J. (2016, October 25). Between the (gender) lines: The science of transgender identity. Retrieved from http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2016/gender-lines-science-transgender-identity/